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The History of Annefield and Its Owners

In january of 1746, a planter called Abraham Martin patented 989 acres of land on Horsepen Creek in what was then Lunenburg County. Mr Martin was among the earliest settlers of this part of Virginia, and must have been recognized as an upstanding member of the community, for his name appears several times in the minutes of the vestry book of Cumberland Parish in Lunenburg County between the first meeting in 1747 and the formation of Cornwall Parish in 1757 (when a new parish was organized, the vestry was elected by the parishioners; thereafter, retiring vestrymen named their replacements). The boundaries of Cornwall Parish became the boundaries of Charlotte County when it was organized in 1764. Mr Martin’s temporal duties included acting as surveyor of roads in a series of court orders beginning in September 1746.

The First Owners

Annefield Vineyards: Charlotte Court House, the county seat, was once called Marysville in honor of Ann Read’s mother, Mary Read of Bushy Forest.
Charlotte Court House, the county seat, was once called Marysville in honor of Ann Read’s mother, Mary Read of Bushy Forest.

One order of 2 October 1751 (old style) is typical, in this instance directing the laying of a road that terminates at Mr Martin’s land: “Order.d that Abraham Martin Gent. together with the following Assistance, to wit, Robert Williams and his Hands Nehemiah Frank, John Sansum, and Abram Martins hands do forthwith open and Clear a Road the best and Most Convenients Way from the said Martins to Kings Road, And it is ordered that they assist him in keep the same in Repair According to Law.” This road was continued with an order of 7 April 1752 (new style): “Order.d that McNess Good, Charles Talbot & Abra Martin View and Mark the most Convenient Way from the Mossing ford on Little Ronoke into Mr. Martins Road and Report to the Next Court the Conveniency thereof.” More research is needed, but this road may be present-day Sunny Side Road (Route 612) that runs east-west just south of Annefield, and its continuation from Annefield north to present-day Mossingford Road. Believed to have been born in King William County in 1716, Mr Martin was dead by 1771, when his Will was recorded in Charlotte County.

In 1760 Martin patented 4,060 acres a land; this patent included the 989 acres he had patented in 1746. On 3 December 1770, Martin conveyed 899 acres of this land to William Jameson, a native of Glasgow, Scotland who was born 15 January 1745 and died 18 May 1785. William Jameson had married Anne Read, the daughter of Clement Read and Mary (Hill) Read of Bushy Forest, as evidenced by a marriage bond dated 9 December 1768. According to a census of 1782, in that year Jameson was the head of a household of six whites and thirty-one blacks.

Jameson’s alliance with a leading family in the county was an advantageous one, for he secured a number of important commissions in spite of his foreign birth. He was named a County Justice in 1772 and again in 1784; he was named a vestryman of Cornwall Parish in 1778, and was commissioned Escheator in 1779. His military service included serving as Lieutenant in the Charlotte Militia in 1778, and he was promoted to Captain in 1779 and continued serving as Captain in 1785. On 23 April 1776, Jameson was clerk to the Committee of Charlotte County that issued instructions to the county Delegates serving on the Committee of Safety, directing that they seek independence from Great Britain, the first county in Virginia to do so; this last act demonstrates his intimacy with the highest levels of county government.

In Charlotte County, Virginia: Historical, Statistical and Present Attractions (Richmond: The Hermitage Press, Inc., 1907; reprinted 1996), J. Cullen Carrington notes that Jameson was among the soldiers who bravely served the cause of the American Revolution during the pivotal Battle of Guilford Court House at present-day Greensboro, North Carolina on 15 March 1781. Following that battle, the Charlotte Militia was placed under General Robert Lawson and served under the Marquis de Lafayette in the campaign ending in the surrender of the army of General Charles Cornwallis at Yorktown on 19 October 1781.

Annefield Vineyards: Greenfield, home of Isaac Read and Sara (Embry) Read, dates from 1771.
Greenfield, home of Isaac Read and Sara (Embry) Read, dates from 1771.

Jameson arrived in the colony at a time when Scottish merchants dominated local and international trade in Southside Virginia. According to Charles J. Farmer, author of In the Absence of Towns: Settlement and Country Trade in Southside Virginia, 1730-1800 (Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1993), he was a wealthy factor for Buchanan, Hastie & Co., a mercantile firm active in the region since the 1750s that provided retail and wholesale goods and made a fortune in the tobacco trade. A letter dated 1768 that is preserved among the Charlotte County Court Judgments from Jameson to his brother-in-law, Isaac Read of Greenfield, reveals his understanding of the means to wealth in the region:

“I have an intention of erecting a mill near the upper Bridge on Little Roanok. If you would mention it to the court and get me an order for it as I do not understand The method of application myself. I will pay you a lawers fee & besides acknowledge the favor done to your very humble servt.”

Jameson was among the wealthiest merchants and planters in the county. Records show that in 1776, he was one of only 11 people in the county possessing wheel carriages in Charlotte County, and of the 13 carriages in the county, most notably he owned two carriages, Judge Paul Carrington of Mulberry Hill owned two, and four belonged to members of the Read family (brothers Isaac Read and Thomas Read, their mother Mary Read, and the Estate of Clement Read).

Like Jameson, Judge Paul Carrington (1733-1818) was related by marriage to the Read family, for he married Anne’s sister, Margaret Read in 1755 (she died in 1766). Carrington’s distinguished legal career began with his appointment as Deputy Clerk of Court under Anne Read’s father, Clement Read. Among numerous accomplishments, Carrington was elected to the House of Burgesses from 1765 to 1775, held a variety of county clerkships, was member of several State Conventions and Committees, elected to the House of Delegates from 1776 to 1778, was a Member of the Committee to Draft the Bill of Rights and the Virginia Constitution, he was a Charter Trustee of Hampden-Sydney College and served as a trustee for 43 years. He served bravely as Colonel of the Charlotte Militia during the Revolution, and became judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals in 1779, serving until 1804. Clearly wealth, power and kinship were intertwined in those early years.

Annefield Vineyards: Greenfield, home of Isaac Read and Sara (Embry) Read, dates from 1771.
Mulberry Hill, home of Paul Carrington and Margaret (Read) Carrington.

It was Jameson who named this land Annefield, presumably in honor of his wife. The name first appears in the county records when the Last Will & Testament of William Jameson, dated 28 July 1784, is proved on 2 September 1785. In anticipation of a voyage overseas,  Mr Jameson wrote: “Whereas I am about undertaking a voyage to Great Britain from which it may be the will of the Almighty I may never return: I most ardently intreat my said wife and the Gentlemen whom I shall appoint my Executors that whenever my death shall happen or certain intelegence thereof come to their knowledge, that they cause an Inventory of my Estate to be taken...”  He provides that his “Estate of any kind is to be kept together until children arrive at the age of eighteen or marry, with the approbation of their mother or guardian in case of death...” It names his children: Mary, Clement, Margaret, Edmund & Elizabeth, and an unborn child being carried by Mrs Jameson. The Will directs “To my wife Anne – my manor plantation and mansion house of Annefield, with all and sundry the appurtenances thereof during the term of her natural life... I leave to her disposal the Manor of Annefield, at her death, to which of our sons she thinks proper, still observing that the said plantation and original tract must be considered a part of such son’s heritage or proportion of land.”

Antebellum Owners

Anne (Read) Jameson later married Col. Richard Elliott in 1787. On 16 March 1801, Anne Elliott, joined by her sons Clement R. Jameson and Edmund Jameson conveyed this land (apparently surveyed and found to be 908 acres and called by them the Horsepen Plantation) to Philip Goode, Sr of Charlotte County.

Annefield Vineyards: Law offices built circa 1825 at Charlotte Court House.
Law offices built circa 1825 at Charlotte Court House.

On 2 December 1805, Philip Goode conveyed the property to his two sons Thomas and Delanson Goode, who in turn conveyed it to their neighbor Jeremiah Williams in 1810. Jeremiah Williams died shortly after this transaction without a will, for in 1811 his Estate was taxed on the 313 acres which he had previously owned and on 908 acres which he had recently purchased of “Tho. & Delanson Goode.” The land then descended through Sarah Williams, the daughter of Jeremiah Williams, who married Collier Hutcherson; on his death, title was vested in Sarah (Williams) Hutcherson and their daughter Susan Hutcherson. Susan Hutcherson in 1820 married Green Moseley, the son of Hillary Moseley, Sr; in January 1827, Hillary Moseley, Sr married Sarah (Williams) Hutcherson, thereby cementing the union of the two families, for in his Will of 1835, Hillery Moseley devises to his wife “Sarah all the estate both real and personal which came to her upon her marriage with me... and property in the possession of my son Green Moseley who married a daughter of my said wife and has never been in my possession...”

Later tax records show that the land was in the possession of Green Moseley’s children, Hillery, Elenor, Richard and Susan, with Green Moseley’s land divided among them—730 acres to Hillery; 470 acres to Elenor; 400 acres to Richard, and 617 to Susan. The old “mansion House of Annefield” appears to have been on Richard’s 400 acres, for he was taxed an additional $2,000 of value for the building. Hillery C. Moseley’s 730 acres and a building and Susan E. Moseley’s 730 acres appear to be lands received of Green from their father, Hillery. On 18 June 1855, Richard E. Moseley conveyed 870 acres on big and little Horsepen Creeks to Hillery M.L. Goode.

The Builder of the House

The house was commissioned by Hillery M.L. Goode, the youngest son of Hillery and Sarah (Bacon) Goode of Charlotte County. He was born 16 October 1815, died in Lynchburg on 24 July 1900, and is buried in that city at Spring Hill Cemetery. On 14 February 1839, Goode married Sarah (Sally) Anderson Boyd (born 6 September 1822, died 3 January 1882 in Tennessee), the daughter of Richard Boyd (1800-1869) and Lucy Ann Goode of Mecklenburg County. According to a biographical sketch among the notes compiled between 1890 and 1897 by Samuel Bassett French in preparation of his unpublished Annals of Prominent Virginians of the XIX Century (now housed in the Library of Virginia), he was probably educated at Hampden-Sydney College near Farmville in Prince Edward County. He was a prosperous planter and merchant, was named a County Justice in 1852 (but resigned in 1853), and served as Postmaster of Wylliesburg, Virginia in 1855. He later represented the citizens of Charlotte County in the Virginia House of Delegates from 1878 to 1881.

Annefield Vineyards: H.M.L. Goode would have studied at Cushing Hall, Hampden-Sydney College.
H.M.L. Goode would have studied at Cushing Hall, Hampden-Sydney College.

Mr Goode is believed to have built the house about 1858, for beginning in 1859, the Charlotte County Land Tax Records show that the value of buildings on Goode’s land jumped from under $1,000 to $4,370, reflecting the construction of Goode’s new “Italian Villa” by Holt.  This date appears in a description of the house in a history of the county, Charlotte County, Rich Indeed by Timothy S. Ailsworth, Ann P. Keller, Lura B. Nichols and Barbara R. Walker (Charlotte Court House: Charlotte County Board of Supervisors, 1979).  In 1860, immediately following Holt’s assistance in elevating Mr Goode’s status in the community via the construction of a fashionable dwelling, the U.S. Census indicated that Goode owned 42 slaves, 500 acres of improved land, 403 acres of unimproved land, and the farm at Annefield was valued at $18,000.  His livestock was worth $1,600, and included horses, cattle, oxen, mules, sheep and pigs.  The farm produced 528 bushels of wheat, 700 bushels of corn, 300 bushels of oats, and 18,000 pounds of tobacco. At least two of Mr Goode’s sons served in the War just a few years later.  Hillery Langston Goode (1846-1921 or 1925) attended the Virginia Military Institute (Class of 1867) and saw action at New Market, Virginia, along with other V.M.I. cadets in May of 1864.  Richard Bennett Goode (1845-1913) enlisted in the First Richmond Howitzers at age 17, and saw action at Second Manassas, Orange Court House, Gettysburg, and was paroled at Appomattox.  A third son, William E. Goode, may have served in the 52nd Virginia Regiment, but this is unconfirmed at this time.

Excursus:  Richard Bennett Goode (1845-1913). A brief summary of the life of Richard Bennett Goode, Hillery’s second son, helps explain Mr Goode’s life, times and travels. According to an entry in the Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography (Lyon G. Tyler, ed., Vol. IV, NY: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1915), Richard Bennett Goode’s education at Thomas T. Bouldin’s Classical School in Charlotte Court House was interrupted by the War. He was seventeen years of age when he joined the Confederate Army and enlisted in the First Richmond Howitzers, serving throughout the entire War. Among the battles he participated in were the first and second Manassas, Gettysburg, and Orange Court House. He was with General Robert E. Lee for the surrender at Appomattox Court House where he received his parole, then returned to Charlotte Court House to complete his education. After completing his courses, Mr Goode taught school in Kentucky and Tennessee for a number of years, returned to Charlotte County where he joined the mercantile business of C. W. Thorne & Company of Richmond, then removed to Lynchburg in the early 1880s where he was elected High Constable, serving for many years until his death in 1913 (the Lynchburg News reports that the elder Goode sometimes acted as his son’s Deputy). A photograph of Richard Bennett Goode hangs in the Reading Room of the Jones Memorial Library in Lynchburg among photographs of other leaders of the Garland Road Camp United Confederate Veterans.

The 1880 United States Census places both men and their families in Charlotte County, identifying Hillery as “State Legislator” and his son Richard as “Merchant.” But apparently Mr Goode followed his son during part of the latter’s travels, for Mr Goode’s obituary in the Lynchburg News of 25 July 1900 states that after the War he moved to Tennessee, then removed to Lynchburg in the early 1880s, where he became a member of the Court Street Methodist Church and resided at his son’s home at 305 Fifth Street.

Hillery M.L. Goode and his wife Sarah executed a Deed of Trust 21 April 1870 with Zachariah Bugg to secure certain debts. Apparently they failed to meet the terms of this Deed of Trust, for in September 1882, 470 acres of the land was sold at public auction to Mr John Booker of Richmond. The Trustee’s Sale advertisement that appeared in the Charlotte Gazette of Thursday, August 3, 1882 read, in part:

At MOSSINGFORD DEPOT, R. & Dan R.R.  The Tract of Land on which H.M.L. Goode now resides, containing 889 ½ acres, more or less, lying in Charlotte county, Va., not far from Mossingford, on the R. & D. R.R.

The improvements consist of a nice dwelling of six rooms, with all convenient outhouses, barns, &c. Has a large and valuable Orchard.  Portions of the tract are heavily timbered; has fine bottom land on Little and Big Horsepen Creeks. This is a truly valuable farm. It is susceptible to being divided into two tracts, and will be sold as such if desired by bidders.

After The War

The farm was sold in two tracts, for the Land Tax Book for 1884 notes that Mr Goode was taxed on 889½ acres of land on Horsepen Creek and his residence is given as Tennessee. In the Land Tax Book for 1885 he was taxed on 419½ acres and his residence is still given as Tennessee, with the records noting that 470 acres had been sold to John Booker of Richmond by W.E. Holmes, Special Commissioner.

Annefield Vineyards: An autumn afternoon at Annefield.
An autumn afternoon at Annefield.

On 22 September 1880, the Charlotte County Circuit Court appointed W.E. Holmes as substitute trustee in place of Zachariah Bugg, the trustee named in Mr Goode’s Deed of Trust who “has since departed this life.” Mr Booker was the highest bidder with a price of $3,736.50, the sale being made on 1 September 1882; he, in turn, sold Annefield one month later on 3 October 1882 to Robert D. Adams, a farmer. The terms of Mr Booker’s sale provided for a payment of one third in cash with the balance paid over two years. The note was sold, and when the balance was paid, a Deed was recorded 11 September 1884, conveying the property from the trustees to Mr Booker, and another Trustee’s Deed dated 12 November 1884 was recorded on 24 June 1886, perfecting Mr Adam’s title in the property.

Mr Adams held Annefield until 1908, when he and his wife Laura conveyed it to Henry C. Marshall, who was superintendent of the nearby State Experimental Farm. In October 1942, Mr Marshall and his wife Emma Gray conveyed the property to James W. Scott (1901-1963) and Julia T. Scott. The Scott family held the property for 50 years, longer than any other owner.

James W. Scott is remembered by his grandchildren as an entrepreneur.  During the 1940s he was in the lumber business and bought Annefield primarily for the timber, because at that time it was cheaper to acquire forest land than to buy timber rights, so he amassed a fair amount of acreage during his long career; on his death, he left a farm to each of his children. He planted tobacco at Annefield and diversified into raising dairy cattle in the early 1950s. In 1954 he built the large dairy barn that still stands behind the house. In 1963, Mr Scott devised Annefield to his youngest son, David Lee Scott; Julia survived him until 1990, and resided at Annefield for many years after James Scott’s death. One grandchild reported that one of her fondest memories was spending every Christmas Eve at Annefield, where they always had a tree in the front parlor that went all the way to the ceiling. Another grandchild wrote that “she never lost her passion and love for this small part of the world.”

Catherine W. Bishir, the author of Jacob W. Holt, An American Builder, was a friend of the late Edgar Thorne, the owner of Cherry Hill, a plantation near Warrenton, North Carolina that boasts a well preserved house built by John Waddell, a builder from Holt’s shop who employed the same style. Mr Thorne had obtained a photograph of the house at Annefield from Mrs James W. Scott that he gave to Ms Bishir.

May 24, 1976, Drakes Branch, Va.
Dear Mr Thorne,

I am sending you a picture of the house with the old porch on it. My Daughter in law had this picture on a slide & had this picture made from the slide. It is not very good. I ask (sic) all my family but seems like I could not find the picture that was taken when we moved in the house. Thank you so much for sending me the paper. My family enjoyed reading it. When I fine (sic) out the Adams name that owned the house I will write & tell you.

Mrs James W. Scott

Annefield Vineyards: Photograph courtesy of Catherine W. Bishir.
Photograph courtesy of Catherine W. Bishir.

David Lee Scott was a pharmacist who cared little for agriculture, and during his ownership the farm fell into neglect. The property was held in trust for his four children until it was conveyed to four investors in 1992; the investors immediately conveyed the land lying south of Horsepen Creek to John and Anne Wilson of Wake Forest, North Carolina and the remainder to the Stanley Land & Lumber Company. By this time the land and house had been sorely neglected; Mr and Mrs Wilson carefully preserved the house and brought the land back to productivity as a cattle farm, and sold it to Stephen M. Ballard and Michael T. Leary in June, 2005.